Purdue University

Purdue University

PURDUE AGRICULTURE

FOOD ANIMAL EDUCATION NETWORK

Pork Facts

How many pigs are there in Indiana? What do they eat? How big do they get? Just the facts here.

73,150
Number of pork farms in the United States

120,000,000 
Number of pigs marketed in the United States each year

8,500,000 
Number of pigs marketed in Indiana each year (Indiana is the number five pork producer in the United States—Iowa is number one.)

70%
Percentage of pork farms that produce 100 or less pigs per year

4%
Percentage of pork farms that produce over 5000 pigs per year

13,000
Number of people employed by pork farms in Indiana

China 
Number one pork producer in the world (United States is number three behind Brazil)

Sow
mature, female pig

Gilt
immature, female pig

Boar
intact male pig

Barrow
castrated male pig

3 months, 3 weeks, and 3 days
Gestation (pregnancy) period of a pig

10 
Average number of piglets per litter

Corn and Soybeans
Main components of most pig feeds. Corn provides energy.  Soy provides protein and fat.

265 lbs. 
Weight at which most pigs are sold

5.5 months
Time required for a pig to reach 265 lbs.

3.5 
Pounds of feed required to produce one pound on a pig (averaged over the first six months)

42.6% 
Pork as a percentage of total meat eaten worldwide (pork is the most widely eaten meat)

Ham 
Most popular lunch sandwich in the United States (peanut butter and jelly is number three)

Pork Chops 
Favorite cut of pork in the United States

160
Internal temperature that should be achieved in cooking pork

Porkopolis 
Old nickname for Cincinnati, OH based on the amount of pork it produced

Red Hots 
Original name for hot dogs

1971 
Year of the first heart valve transport in a human using a pig heart valve

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