Purdue University

Purdue University

PURDUE AGRICULTURE

FOOD ANIMAL EDUCATION NETWORK

Beef Facts

How big is the beef industry? How big is a cow? Do they really have four stomachs? Just the facts here.

100 million
Number of cattle in the United States

1
Rank in size of beef production among American agriculture sectors (based on cash receipts)

40
Average number of cattle on American beef cattle farms

25%
Percentage of the world’s beef supply produced in the United States

500 metric tons
Amount of beef exported from the United States to Japan each year.

Food Safety Inspection Service
U.S. governmental agency in charge of mandatory beef inspection.  The FSIS is part of the United States Department of Agriculture

1904
Year the hamburger debuted at the World’s Fair in St. Louis

White Castle
First hamburger “chain” in the United States (founded in 1921)

1955
Year the first McDonald’s opened

11.2 billion
Number of beef servings in American restaurants each year

3.4 oz.
Daily beef consumption per person in the United States

140 lbs.
Amount of beef consumed annually per person in Argentina, the leading beef consuming country in the world (the U.S. average is about 70 lbs. per year).

Memorial Day
Most popular day for beef consumption in the United States.  Labor day and July 4th tie for second.

Beef Tenderloin Steak
Retail name for filet mignon

Ground Beef
Most popular cut of beef in the United States

1000 lbs.
Weight at which most beef cattle are marketed

1000
Number of quarter pound burgers that could be produced from one steer

3 oz.
Weight of a quarter pound (4 oz.) burger after cooking

0.2%
Amount of America’s water supply consumed by cattle

11
Number of basketballs that can be made from one beef hide

1
Number of stomachs in the cow (it is separated into four compartments)

0
Number of upper front teeth on a cow

9.5 months
Gestation (pregnancy) period of a cow

Have any questions?  Submit them to us here.

 

 

 

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