Purdue University

Purdue University

PURDUE AGRICULTURE

FOOD ANIMAL EDUCATION NETWORK

Poultry Facts

How many chickens are there in the United States? How many eggs do they produce? Just the facts here.

50 billion
Number of eggs produced each year in the United States

8 billion
Number of chickens consumed in the United States each year

1
Indiana’s rank in duck production in the United States

Layer
Chicken used for egg production

160
Average  number of eggs produced by one hen in 1960

325
Average  number of eggs produced by one hen in 2009

21
Days required for chicks to hatch from eggs

28
Days required for ducks and turkeys to hatch for eggs

20
Weeks at which chickens start laying eggs

4
pounds of feed required to produce 12 eggs

50
Number of times a hen will turn her egg per each day to keep the yolk from sticking to the side

White
Usual color of ear lobes on chickens that produce white eggs

Red
Usual color of ear lobes on chickens that produce brown eggs

0
Number of nutritional differences between white and brown shelled eggs

Broiler
Chicken used for meat production

1.9
pounds of feed required by a chicken to gain one pound

$5.6 million
Price paid for the Faberge “Winter Egg” in 1994

Turkey
Only poultry breed native to the Western Hemisphere

45 million
Number of turkeys eaten each year over Thanksgiving in the United States

$3.7 billion
Annual turkey retail sales in the United States

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